The most significant action Great Britain took to enforce taxes on colonists was the enactment of the Stamp Act in 1765, which imposed a tax on all paper documents. Through this act, colonists were forced to pay for a stamp that made the documents legal. Until the Stamp Act, Great Britain did little to enforce the payment of taxes.
According to Investopedia, a tariff is a tax placed on imported goods, while a quota limits the amount of a good that can be imported over a specified period of time. The price typically increases under both a tariff and a quota.
After the Boston Tea Party, the British parliament passed the Coercive Acts in an attempt to punish the colonists. The colonists staged further acts of protest and convened the first Continental Congress, which protested the tea tax and organized a boycott of British goods. Tensions continued to build until the American Revolutionary War broke out.