According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, the currency of modern Greece was the drachma before the euro replaced it in 2002. The drachma was introduced in 1832, replacing the short-lived currency called the phoenix, which was introduced after the 1828 independence of Greece from the Ottoman Empire.
Crete is the largest island of Greece. Crete has a long and narrow shape, spanning a total distance of 160 miles across the Mediterranean Sea. It is one of 13 islands comprising the nation of Greece, and goes by other names, including Krete, Kriti, Creta, Kirid and Candia.
Blue and white on the Greek flag represent the sky and the sea. The sea is critical to Greek livelihood. Much of Greece's industry is related to the sea, hence the importance of the color blue to the Greeks. Scholars also believe that the blue and white of the Greek flag may also be associated with Greek gods or goddesses.