The primary mode of subsistence of the Amish culture is Horticulturists. The Amish farmers till their land which they later plant several crops annually depending on the season. The Amish also tend to their gardens and feed themselves.
They raise cows for milk and meat, chickens and ducks for eggs and meat, pigs for ham, pork and sausage, orchards for fruit, huge vegetable gardens for the family, and they farm, or do woodworking, mostly, for cash. In our area, they ranch, are loggers, and train horses for others. It depends where they live, the soil and climate, and their personal skills.