There is no recorded detail about the early life of Henry Hudson. Historians cannot even agree on his date of birth: Mancall would say that he was born in 1560s while others are convinced he was born in the 1570s. Hudson was a seafarer. He began working as a cabin boy until he became a captain. His grandfather, also named Henry Hudson, was an alderman in London who helped him to be hired by the Muscovy Trading Company of England. Henry Hudson was a bold English Sea Explorer and navigator of the 17th century. Hudson had three ships, namely: the Hopewell, the Half Moon and the Discovery. He started his voyage as early as in 1607 under the Muscovy Company. He was ordered to look for waterway in the northeast.
Henry Hudson made four journeys that are recorded in the history books, and is credited as the European discoverer of Hudson Bay. He is also remembered for the sad end of his last voyage.
Hudson's first three journeys in 1605, 1608 and 1609 were to find a short route to Asia by going over the North Pole. He travelled farther north than any European explorer had gone before, but he was stopped by the ice and had to go back.
In 1610, he decided to try to find the Northwest Passage. By June, Hudson discovered a strait and that led to a large body of water. He thought he was close to China and went south. In reality, he had passed through what is now called Hudson Strait and gone into Hudson Bay.
A map of Frobisher's, Davis's, and Hudson's voyages to the north
Hudson's ship was caught by the ice and he had to spend the winter in Canada. In the spring of 1611 the men mutinied and put Hudson, his son and some other men on a small boat and left them behind.
The mutineers went home. Some died in a battle with Inuit on the way. By the time they reached London, only six of the original twenty-two were left alive. The men who mutinied were never punished.