Day length is longest from about mid-Spring to mid-Autumn, and shortest the other six months. The longest day is on the Summer Solstice and the shortest on the WInter Solstice, and the days are of intermediate lenght on the spring and fall equinoxes. Thus, there about the only thing you can say is that days are shorter in late fall and early winter, and longer in late spring and early summer. There is not any more direct correlation
The relationship between seasons and lengths of the day are that during solstice, the days are longer than during equinox when days are short. Summer is the hottest time of the year while winter is the coldest time of the year. The temperature difference is as a result of different lengths of the day. It is coincidental that there are 365.25 days per year as well as 360 degrees per full circle of the solstice too equinox.