Your question really depends on what state you are in. Here in CA the unemployment department is behind between 4 and 6 weeks due to the overload of claims versus employee staff to process the claims. Overall in most states it can take up to 4 to 6 weeks anyway from the beginning of a claim. Most new claims process in 2 to 3 weeks, and then it is another 2 to 3 weeks before you get a check. That first check however back pays any time you have gone without receiving payment.