The general belief is that if you’re fired from your job you are ineligible to collect unemployment. In some cases that may be correct. But every situation is different. Most state unemployment offices allow you the opportunity to state your case for collecting unemployment when you’ve been fired. If you can eloquently argue that your being fired from your job was completely unfounded, that you did nothing to intentionally instigate the firing and that you had no intent to become separated from your job under those circumstances, then you could be eligible to collect unemployment benefits.
Can you collect unemployment benefits if you willingly quit your job? That depends on a number of factors.
Your state unemployment office will allow you the opportunity to have a hearing on your case. At this point it’s up to you to convince them that your quitting was not your intention, but the result of adverse or unsafe working conditions, abuse and harassment or some other reason that made it a “bad” place to continue working. So, it’s possible to be eligible to file for unemployment if you’ve quit, but you must have just cause.
As far as I know you can only collect unemployment if you are fired, and not if you get fired for cause. for instance if you are fired because they don't have any work for you you can collect unemployment. But if you are fired because you can't show up to work on time, you can't get unemployment. Hope this helps.