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What is the opposite of Fundamentalism?

In religion and philosophy. For example, someone can be a Fundamentalist Christian.

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Perhaps a casual believer, or what refer to in my church as an inactive member of the church.

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FirstBorn1
Raining Star.....I just got done reading some comments back and forth with you and Pious 666, on a recent question.
I just want to commend you. I do respect Pious because he is extremely intelligent, however he is very sneaky in his tactics, especially against Christianity.
I call him "my favorite Atheist." I have gone around and around with him in the past. But I have learned not to do that. He knows his Bible front to back, the problem is he quotes scriptures out of context to serve his purpose. This does upset me, mostly because there are people who might not know the Bible as well, and might be misled by his inaccurate interpretation of the Scriptures. Another tactic he uses is he"ll throw out 50 questions at once to you to try to confuse the topic! Lol
Anyway, just wanted to say I enjoyed the thread and you did the right thing by leaving the thread at that time.
Greeenie and have a nice day! :)
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FirstBorn1
The thread was under Pious answer to: "Why do Atheists attack Christian beliefs and not..... "
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Thanks. He's only the second person I ever walked away from. The other guy called me a liar when I told him I had read the bible several times.
In all the decades I've been talking to people I never encountered that before. I'm afraid I wasn't very polite about it, feel bad about being harsh, and it's taught me not to get into long discussions with negative people. I'm glad this time I bowed out before getting down to their level.
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FirstBorn1
Lol.....I'm a little hard headed at times, but I decided that was best as far as my favorite Atheist is concerned.
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Liberal theology would be the opposite end of the spectrum.

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I see what you're getting at. I took the fanatical aspect of many fundamentals, but your answer is more correct.
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There's more than one way to look at opposites. I just looked at the spectrum of types of theology, but I agree, I tend to hold a negative viewpoint towards fundamentalists, even if I associate myself with evangelicals that are often fundamentalist.
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Does liberality usually imply plurality? And would someone call themselves a Liberalist Christian? Thank you for your answer. I found myself in that eerie Orwellian situation where language seems to lack a concept.
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Liberal Theology is the branch of academic study of the Bible that wishes to free it from its religious context. It most often is pursued by atheists or unitarians. It is the opposite end of the spectrum of Fundamentalists who view the Bible as complete, inerrant, and the divine source of everything. A "Liberal Christian" is unrelated. I consider myself a liberal Christian, but I remain evangellical (though not fundamental) in my study of the Bible, in both faith and practice.
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Hmm.. while you point to an interesting branch of academic study, I'm looking for a real-world concept here that would be used in everyday speech and identified with by normal people. A close academic term is Ethical Relativism, but again this is not an everyday word. Certainly if one can be a fundamentalist one must be able to be the opposite. I'm strangely disturbed that there's no word for it. Thank you for your continued input!
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Ah. Well, Fundamentalist in the "real world" tends to be derogatory. I would expect an opposite to be something like "open-minded." Fundamentalist doesn't (at least to me) convey anything about ethical actions, only legalistic ones. "It must be this way because the Bible says it is this way," is more important than doing the right thing when it comes to our ethical responsibility to take care of our neighbors and our world. I view Fundamentalism (and most non-Christians do as well, though I am a Christian) as very similar to how most Christians view the hypocrisy of the Pharisees in the New Testament.
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I think you're right and open-minded is the closest "real world" word. And I agree that Fundamentalism sometimes carries a negative connotation. For me, it's the best word for someone who believes their values are the only right values. I think Relativistic is probably the academic side of the concept, when using that definition. Thank you for helping me clarify my thoughts on this!
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No problem :)
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Deceiver, liar, unorthodox,...

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What we are not is indeed evil to the fundamentalist. Thank you for your excellent example.
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I'm glad I got my point across.
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Usually things like equal rights for women.

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I was looking for a particular word that captures the concept. Thank you for your answer!
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