According to online sources, the American Girl dolls have been in the market for 26 years. The Girl dolls were invented in 1986 by a Company called Pleasant Mattel. Most of these dolls are characters from the US history.
Actually the company is in Madison WI and was Pleasant company; pleasant Rowland sold the company to mattel for $900 million. She and her husband Jerry Farrouchi still live in Madison and give piles of money to the arts.