What is the main role of the university professor, to educate students or to do research?
The role a university professor is to teach, do research and also other administrative work that is assigned to him or her. They are required to give guidance and support to all junior staff in enhancing their capacity for teaching and research.
The research is what they want to do. The teaching is what they do to PAY for what they want to do. Their new research and discoveries will help them teach their students.So to answer your question. Its BOTH