if that happened -- if neither candidate received an electoral-vote majority -- then the election would be thrown into the House. And, I suspect, the country would be thrown into a crisis that would make Florida 2000 look like a picnic.
Before Congress would get involved, there would be a 41-day opportunity for either side to coax an elector to switch sides. Of the more than 17,000 electors who have been chosen since the days of George Washington, only 10 have been "faithless." One D.C. elector refused to cast a ballot in 2000 (as a protest over the District's lack of voting rights). Before that, a 1988 Michael Dukakis elector in West Virginia decided to vote for his running mate, Lloyd Bentsen. So who knows what could happen? But let's say that when the electoral college members meet in their respective state capitals on Dec. 13 (41 days after the election), the result is a 269-269 tie. The election then goes to the House.
Then The House votes (one vote per state) to decide the presidency. To further confuse matters, The Senate gets to vote to decide the vice-presidency... which could end up in a bi-partisan White House! Chaos... oh, the humanity!
The House of Representatives vote. Due to the fact that the majority of the House of Representatives is Republican, Romney would win in that particular situation, making him the President of the United States of America.
If there is a tie in the electorial college vote,then the House of Representatives is allowed one vote per state on the three leading presidential candidates. It is my understanding that they keep voting until they come out with a majority for one candidate.
I think that if it is tied in the ec, popular vote should decide the winner....but that is my thinking on the presidential election anyhow. Voters in small states do not really have a say in a presidential election because it is decided by those states with the most electorial college votes. I remember standing in line in GA waiting to vote on year and before I even cast my vote California was called and that put the winner over the top. My vote did not even count.