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Last edited at 8:00PM on 12/21/2012
Disciple is one that is following God and growing in knowledge of the Bible. An Apostle was one specifically chosen and called by God to receive revelations and messages directly from God to give to the people.
Disciple : a learner or follower of Jesus. Called disciples while Jesus Was on earth. Apostle : one who is sent out to teach & preach. Disciples became apostles After the resurrection of Jesus. Disciple first and then apostle.
Main article: Apostle (Christian) Before their sending away the Twelve had been mere disciples, from Latin discipulus, one who learns, from disco, to learn. This event was for them thus a form of graduation, when they stepped-up from being students to teachers. Jesus is stated in the Bible to have had twelve apostles who by the Great Commission spread the message of the Gospel to all nations after his resurrection. There is also an orthodox tradition derived from the Gospel of Luke of Seventy Apostles.
The word "disciple" refers to a learner or follower. The word "apostle" means "one who is sent out." While Jesus was on earth, His twelve followers were called disciples. The twelve disciples followed Jesus Christ, learned from Him, and were trained by Him. After His resurrection and ascension, Jesus sent the disciples out to be His witnesses (Matthew 28:18-20; Acts 1:8). They were then referred to as the twelve apostles. However, even when Jesus was still on earth, the terms "disciples" and "apostles" were used somewhat interchangeably.http://www.gotquestions.org/twelve-apostles-disciples-12.html
The 12 were selected out of a larger group of disciples and were designated "apostles" by Jesus, that they might continue with him and that he might send them out to preach and to have authority to expel the demons." (Mr3:13-15). Thereafter they did "continue with him" in very close association during the remainder of his earthly ministry, receiving extensive personal instruction and training. ( Mt10:1-42; Lu8:1). Since they continued to be Jesus pupils, they were still called "disciples,". particularly in accounts of events prior to Pentecost. (Mt 11:1; 14:26; 20:17; John 20:2). Thereafter they are consistently called "apostles." At the time of their appointment, Jesus gave them miraculous powers to heal, as well as to expel demons, and they used those powers to some extent during Jesus ministry. This activity, however, is shown to be always subordinate to their principal work of preaching.[Insight on the Scriptures Vol 1]