Definition: When the term algorithm is used in math, it typically refers to a set of steps used to solve a mathematical computation. A step by step procedure is used in long division. A simple question like 73 divided by 3 would have the following algorithm:
How many times does 3 go into 7? The answer is 2 How many are left over? 1 Put the 1(ten) in front of the 3. How many times does 3 go into 13? The answer is 4 How many left over? 1 etc.. it's the same steps over again till you can't go down any more.