God said: 155. Because of their breaking the covenant, and of their rejecting the (proofs, evidence, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, and of their killing the Prophets unjustly, and of their saying: "Our hearts are wrapped (with coverings, i.e. we do not understand what the Messengers say)" nay, Allah has set a seal upon their hearts because of their disbelief, so they believe not but a little. 156. And because of their (Jews) disbelief and uttering against Maryam (Mary) a grave false charge (that she has committed illegal sexual intercourse); 157. And because of their saying (in boast), "We killed Messiah (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), the Messenger of Allah," - but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but it appeared so to them [the resemblance of (Jesus) was put over another man (and they killed that man)], and those who differ therein are full of doubts. They have no (certain) knowledge, they follow nothing but conjecture. For surely; they killed him not [i.e. (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary): 158. But Allah raised him (Jesus) up (with his body and soul) unto Himself (and he is in the heavens). And Allah is Ever All-Powerful, All-Wise. 159. And there is none of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) but must believe in him (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), as only a Messenger of Allah and a human being before his (Jesus) or a Jew's or a Christian's] death(at the time of the appearance of the angel of death). And on the Day of Resurrection, he Jesus will be a witness against them.
Because they didn't believe He was who He claimed to be in which He was indeed the Son Of God. Jesus also claimed to be God in the flesh and they wanted to stone Him for that. Jesus was indeed the Messiah and God in the flesh. God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit.
Who killed Jesus? "Who killed Jesus?" is the profound question asked of late Many say it was the Jews, who sealed his fate Others say, "No, it was the Romans, don't you understand? It was Pilate who sought to wash his blood stained hands" Others say, "No, it was to bear our sin that He bled So it is your hands and mine, that drip blood red" While all these answers some truth contain There is another answer that is just so plain He said, "I lay my life down of my own accord" The dying world His blood alone could afford In God's foreknowledge it was preordained That the Lamb of God would for us be slain Next time you point your finger and you place the blame Consider that God's love is the reason that Christ came When all is said and when all is done It was God in His love who crushed His Son (Isaiah 53:10) Pastor Joe Schimmel Blessed Hope Chapel
In those days Judea was under Roman ruling and although the Jews had their own counsil they could not tried anyone in Roman territory therefore the Jews charged Jesus with blaphemy and being mad (crazy) and brought him to the Romans so he could be tried for those charges which was the claim that Jesus made in the temples that he was the mesiah. During that time there was also a practice during a festive day in which the governor of the region would bring two criminals before the town people so they could choose who should be pardon and who will be cruxsify. When Jesus was brough to the people with Barabas, another criminal the Jews choose Barabas to be pardon and Jesus to ne cruxsify. Julius Ceasar then asked for water and while washing his hands he stated..."I know nothing of this man dead" and then he ordered for Jesus to be put to dead as it was what the Jews wanted him to do. Granted...Julius Ceasar did not found any guilt on Jesus but he had to comply with the Jews wishes.
If I understand the question right it was the Jewish leaders especially the Pharisees. The Jewish officials did not believe Jesus was the messiah which he claimed . They viewed Jesus as a trouble maker at best and a heretic and blasphemer at worst. He was preaching a new covenant which would change everything the Jews knew. All there lives would be changed and everything that made them who they were, everything that made the Jews special would be gone. So for whatever their personal reasons whether it be selfish greed and pride (as most Christian's believe) or if it was out of true Patriotism and what they honestly believed the right thing to do, they devised a plan to have him killed. Many of the Jews loved Jesus and would have rebelled against the decision. So they used the Roman justice system to do it for them.
A better question would be: why did the Jews wanted to crucify Jesus so bad? The answer is simple; he claimed to be the Jewish Messiah (which I believe he was) and Jesus wanted to disprove him. So, they knew if they can crucify, he cannot be their Messiah, which is why God sent the angels to lift him up (Psalms 91:11). The Jews knew that the crucifiction would detriment his message. It has nothing with Jesus dying for the sins of the world. Nevertheless, Jesus was not crucified nor was he killed. He was rescued by God as the chapter of Psalms 91 narrates.
Not all Jews, and keep in mind Jesus was a Jew and several of his followers were Jewish, so it is inaccurate to say that Jews as a whole killed Jesus, and it was the Romans, (but not all) that physically killed him (several of Jesus´s followers where Roman to) Many of the Jewish Pharisees hated Jesus because they considered him a blasphemer, and many hated him out of jealousy, and some hated him for accusing several religious leaders of hypocrisy.
The Jews didn't technically kill Jesus. The Romans did under the authority of the ruler Pontius Pilate. A recent archeological find produced the first evidence that Pilate existed outside the Bible. The Jewish leaders were very jealous if the crowds that were following Jesus and the hypocrisy that he exposed in their teachings. Pilate found no legitimate reason to put Jesus to death but the Jews tried to incite a mob and he felt it was the only way to keep order. Ultimately,it was part of God's plan as predicted through biblical prophesy so the Jews alone should not be held accountable. Each person is technically responsible for their own sin and Jesus' willingness to die for it.
It was a community responsibility If this Jewish crowd was not the entire Jewish people, why did the apostle Peter, when speaking to a large crowd of Jews assembled some 50 days later in Jerusalem for the festival of Weeks, say. "this man, given up by God's deliberate plan and foreknowledge, you by ruffians hands spiked down, and took his life;". Acts 2:22-23 (The Bible in Living English). Surely Peter knew that most of them had little to do with the events that led up to Jesus execution. So, what did Peter mean? According to the Scriptures, an unatoned murder brought culpability not only on the murderer but also on the community that failed to bring him to justice. [Deuteronomy 21:1-9]. For example, the entire tribe of Benjamin had once been judged as blood guilty for failure to punish a group of murders in their midst. Although the great majority of the tribe were not directly involved in the murder, by tolerating this crime, they were condoning it and thereby bore a measure of responsibility. [Judges20:8-48]. Indeed, it has been noted that "silence gives convent." In a similar way, the first-century Jewish nation acquiesced in the crime of their bloodguilty leaders. By tolerating the murderous actions of the chief priests and Pharisees the entire nation shared responsibility.