I think so ! Our Basset Hound knows a lot of things we say ! We try to spell out walk , ride , or play . But he knows those too ! His ears move whenever he thinks we're talking about him . I don't think he understands everything , but he knows a lot and understands ! So , I would say Yes ! They understand more than we give them credit for !
Not exactly. Their brain isn't as advanced as ours and only learn familiar sounds, gestures, and tones from experience. For example (over time) a dog learns that when you call it's name that you are talking to it or when you scold it , it knows it's done something wrong.
yes, but in a different way. unlike humans which have developed and now rely on a heavy social behavior, most other animals communicate, not by language, but through things such as body signals, sounds, chemicals, and almost anything that can be conveyed and received by any one of the 5 basic senses. so your dog is probably reading the body language that you give off rather than comprehending the actual words that you speak. however, i do also think that given the time, a dog can learn what words mean
yes. yes they can. and some actually understand if you spell. And they are also capable of learning more the 1 language. I have a friend who dated a person from germany. He only spoke german to the dog (as an experiment) and the dog learned in about a month.
Mine does! Ride in car? He grabs my keys and spins in circles. Hungry? Runs to the refrigerator. Go for a walk? He grabs his leash. Go to bed? He's in our bed before we are to grab his place! And on it goes.