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What are the major pros and cons between a longbow, a shortbow, and a recurve bow? I'm writing a fantasy themed story, and I need to know.

Keep in mind, these people don't have access to advanced technology, so these bows would be made with only very basic tools. I'm particularly interested in their uses in battle, which type is easiest to construct, farthest range, etc. Thanks!

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Starting at the least effective you have the short bow, simple to construct and easy for almost anyone to use. The longbow allowed greater range and they allowed a larger arrow shaft which delivered more force at the point of impact, the longbow required a large, strong individual to use it and that was its only real drawback. A recurve bow can be either long or short it is a bow which has its tips pointing away from the archer, this allows for more power but also more noise and can be difficult to string.
The short bow was the only one which could be fired from horseback, which is how the Mongols conquered all of Asia. The longbow changed warfare in the early renaissance and contributed to the decline of plate-mail armor.

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longbow-longer range, slightly longer firing time bit big to carry
shortbow-slightly shorter range, quick to aim easy to carry
no idea about recurve....

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buy dungeons and dragons player handbook. tells you all about mid evil weapons attacks hit point dam etc.

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Recurve medium shot speed mid to long range and accurate. Long bow medium to short accurate and slow shot speed.short quick shot short range.

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Recurve bows have a higher velocity then the other bows due to the arms curving away from the archer. Long bow usually over 5 foot long usually made of yew and there really is no "short bow" other then ones in video games

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