Because Confucius made few comments about God, many people view Confucianism as only a philosophy and not a religion. Yet, what he said and did showed that he was religious. This can be seen in two respects. First, he had a reverent fear for a supreme cosmic spiritual power, what the Chinese call T'ien, or Heaven, which he regarded as the source of all virtue and moral goodness and whose will, he felt directs all things. Second, he placed great emphasis on meticulous observance of rites and ceremonies relating to the worship of heaven and the spirits of departed ancestors. Though Confucius never advocated theses views as a form of religion, to generations of Chinese they have become what religion is all about.