Anime just means animation, and ANYTHING animated is technically a cartoon. Therefore anime is a cartoon. In the U.S., any cartoon made in Japan is considered an anime. However, in Japan, the term anime refers to anything that is animated. To them Mission Hill is just as much an anime as Speed Racer is. I never understood why some anime fans want to consider anime as being something other than a cartoon. If it's drawn and animated, it's a cartoon, regardless of it's country of origin.