Unfortunately for the world, about the beginning of the 16th century, a child was born by the name of John Chauvin, who afterwards became famous as John Calvin, the founder of the Presbyterian Church. This man forged five fetters he called points. That is to say, predestination, particular redemption, total depravity, irresistible grace, and the perseverance of the saints. I am pleased to assure you that it is not necessary to understand the decree of predestination, you have only to believe it. It says that by decree of God some men are predestined to heaven and others to eternal hell, and that it can neither be changed or altered.
As for me, if there is any dogma that ought to be protected by law, predestination is that doctrine. Surely it is a cheerful, joyous thing, to one who is laboring, struggling, and suffering in this weary world, to think that before he existed; before the earth was; before a star had glittered in the heavens; before a ray of light had left the quiver of the sun, his destiny had been irrevocably fixed, and that for an eternity before his birth he had been doomed to bear eternal pain.
I'm not sure whether including Christian in brackets means you only want answers from Christians, or if you want the Christian view.
Omar Khayyam looked at it a little from both sides.
"Tis all a chequer board of nights and days Where Destiny, with men for pieces plays; Hither and thither moves, and mates, and slays, And one by one, back in the closet lays."
This takes away free will and leaves us with Destiny pre-ordaining our lives.
But then he suggests that God isn't such a bad guy after all:
"Thou who didst with pitfall and with gin Beset the road I was to wander in; Thou wilt not with enchantment round enmesh me And impute my fall to sin."
So he sees God tempting us but not punishing us for accepting the offered gift.
Personally I wouldn't want to be alive if everything was pre-ordained. We all have intelligence and experience to a greater or lesser extent, and we must necessarily make our choices day by day. Hour by hour, even. Predestination for a single person would be too complicated, let alone 7 billion of us.
Many people believe in predestination, but notice the Bible's comments on this idea. At Ecclesiastes 9:11 it says, "time and unforeseen occurrence befall them all." We all face setbacks and trials in our lives, but as the scripture cites, they are "unforeseen occurrences".
Humans have free will. Just think, if God knew that Adam and Eve would sin, why would he have allowed them to eat of the fruit and thus cause pain, sickness and death. That goes counter to his original plan for mankind (Genesis 1:28).
Humans have the ability to make decisions for themselves. When leading the Israelites into the Promised Land, Joshua said the following words to them at Deuteronomy 30:19, "I have put life and death before you, the blessing and the malediction; and you must choose life in order that you may keep alive, you and your offspring." Again humans have a choice.
Although God has the ability to see into the future, he does not always use it because we have free will. It's similar to a person with a good signing voice, although they have the ability, they do not go singing all the time. I hope this helps!
So what is predestination? Predestination is not foreknowledge. God's foreknowledge is that God knows everything before it happens. He knows in advance what is going to happen to everyone, both good and evil, both Christian and non-Christian. The Bible talks about God's foreknowledge in many places (Ps. 139:1-6; Romans 8:29a). But God's foreknowledge and God's predestination are two different things.
Predestination was an act of God from eternity, before time began, by which God not only foreknew but actually chose some to be saved for all eternity (See Eph. 1:4-6). When God predestined us, He not only knew that we would be saved, He caused it to happen by His choice of us in Christ.
What has God Predestined?
Predestination does not mean that God has charted out every detail of our lives beforehand so that we are programmed robots, forced to obey. In fact, such a teaching cannot be found in Scripture. Whenever the Bible speaks about predestination, it is concerned only with salvation. According to sacred Scripture, what God has predestined is not every detail of our lives; He has predestined our eternal salvation and everything that pertains to it.
That last phrase, "and everything that pertains to it" is important. For God's election of us before time not only insured that we would be finally saved at the end of time. His predestination of us covers every step of our salvation history. When He predestined us, He insured that (1) Christ would shed His blood in death as ransom for the sins of the world (John 1:29; 1 John 2:2); (2) we would be called by the Holy Spirit through the Gospel; (3) we would be moved to repentance and converted through faith in Jesus; (4) we would use the Word and Sacrament and persevere in the Christian faith in this life; (5) we would be finally saved and glorified forever in the life to come. God's predestination of us insured that everything that needed to happen for out eternal salvation would happen (See Romans 8:29-30 on the previous page).
When God created Adam, did he know that Adam would sin?
Would you encourage your children to undertake a project with a marvelous future, knowing from the start that it was doomed to failure? Would you warn them of harm, while knowing that you had planned everything so that they were sure to come to grief? Is it reasonable, then, to attribute such to God?
If God foreordained and foreknew Adam’s sin and all that would result from this, it would mean that by creating Adam, God deliberately set in motion all the wickedness committed in human history. He would be the Source of all the wars, the crime, the immorality, the oppression, the lying, the hypocrisy, the disease. But the Bible clearly says: “You are not a God taking delight in wickedness.” (Ps. 5:4) “Anyone loving violence His soul certainly hates.” (Ps. 11:5) “God . . . cannot lie.” (Titus 1:2) “From oppression and from violence he [the One designated by God as Messianic King] will redeem their soul, and their blood will be precious in his eyes.” (Ps. 72:14) “God is love.” (1 John 4:8) “He is a lover of righteousness and justice.”Ps. 33:5.