How many single bonds can carbon form?why?
science class question
A carbon atom can form 4 single bonds when it is in excited state.This is because it has 4 electrons in the outermost orbit.It requires 4 more to complete its octet.This can be done by sharing electrons by forming 4 covalent bonds.
There are 4 single bonds in carbon. The reason behind this is because of its electrons in the outer shell which is four. Get more of this information on http://www.webelements.com/carbon/.