In general, Republicans tend to take a more conservative stand on issues. They believe that the federal government should not play a big role in people's lives. Most Republicans favor lower taxes and less government spending on social programs. They believe in less government intervention in business and the economy.
Republicans are for small government and democrats are for big government. To me the smaller the government is the more freedoms we have. The bigger it gets the more the government tells you what to do, for example the health is now being ran by the government and telling the Christian believers that have company's they have to supply there employers with abortion educing medication and that goes against god and there conscience.
Just from my perspective... most republicans believe in keeping most of the money they make verses it going to taxes. Another thing that they try to claim is that they are for less government yet most want to deny marriage equality and abortions. Most are for little to no gun control citing the 2nd amendment. Most are ok with aiding Israel b/c of their religious beliefs.
The republican party I wanted to belong to when growing up in the 70's and 80's believed in balanced budgets, a strong national defense, limited intrusion by the federal government into social issues instead leaving decisions up to state governments, and limiting special interests influence in government. This current mockery of the once GOP changed when the Neoconservatives arrived in the 80's and 90's and tied themselves to the Christian conservative cause, the special interest lobbyists of K street, and a desire to change this nation into a one party ruled fascist state. Recently they have been joined by, or splintered into, the tea party that wishes to destroy all the accomplishments this nation has achieved over the last 70 years. At this moment in time the republican party doesn't know what they stand for, only what they stand against.