What are the Elements of Narrative Poetry? Or what are the 9 elements found in a narrative poem?
I'm going to answer this myself, because I could not find it anywhere on the web. There are 9 specific elements necessary for a narrative poem. I will list them here:
1 Invocation of the Muse(s) in the Proem (beginning verses / stanzas)
2 Begins In Medias Res (in the middle of the action.)
3 Has Heroes or characters who embody the cultural values.
4 Includes Divine Intervention, or several gods actively affecting the action or outcome.
5 Setting is vast, includes many nations or worlds, often includes wars.
6 Uses epithets, (other ways of naming characters without using their names) mainly for keeping the meter.
7 Begins with an overarching theme that defines the story or struggle.
8 Includes long lists (such as lists of characters and their deeds)
9 Long formal speeches.
In addition, but not part of the 9
Employs elevated style.
Usually episodic, 12 or more books or cantos.
Patron saints or patron gods interfere or assist the heroes and villains.
Usually told (written) by a Poet or Speaker who has the support of a Muse or god, or a poet who is considered a master at his craft.
If you have questions I can give examples of these elements to clarify.