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Can the police tow your vehicle if its part of an investigation that doesn't involve the actual owner?

My friend was standing beside my truck and without my knowledge, he placed his property (black bags and briefcases) in the trunk as police watched him from a close distance. When they decided to approach him and investigate the scenario, they searched him and his property and found illegal substances in the bag and towed my truck without my knowledge or presence. Do they have the right to impound my vehicle without the actual owner (me) being present on the scene?

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Yes. And maybe (just a WAG here) you need to find a better set of 'friends'!

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Where was the probable cause that my friend had an illegal substance in the bag? Doesn't the fourth amendment protect "search without probable cause"?
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Hiding stuff in a 'nearby container' is all they need for probable cause. It just happens that it is 'Your truck' that was the nearby container used to hide something. Also, it has been held that having 'stuff' simply put into the back of a pickup truck (that is visible and out in the open) is allowable without a search warrant in court. So, like I said before. Find new friends. You were (albeit unknowingly) used by your friend as a place to 'put' his stuff.
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The act of 'hiding' is the 'trigger' that removes your 4th admendment rights. That thought would be like saying, hey, You thought I maybe 'doing' something. Just because you saw me hiding something in the bushes, I was Hiding a gun in the bushes, you have no right to search those bushes because it violates my rights. Wrong.
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Yhay fraid so

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Where was the probable cause that my friend had an illegal substance in the bag? Doesn't the fourth amendment protect "search without probable cause"?
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Well, according to the legislature in most states, the police shouldn't tow a truck away without the owner's knowledge. The tow truck operator or the tow truck motor carrier should get the owner's signage under the supervision of a police officer. You can always contact your state's department of licensing and regulation and find out about the right car-towing procedure.

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Where was the probable cause that my friend had an illegal substance in the bag? Doesn't the fourth amendment protect "search without probable cause"?
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Yeah they actually can

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Where was the probable cause that my friend had an illegal substance in the bag? Doesn't the fourth amendment protect "search without probable cause"?
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fritzmerde

Hell yes, just hope your friend doesn't drop a dime on you. Guilt by association is always a beautiful thing

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Where was the probable cause that my friend had an illegal substance in the bag? Doesn't the fourth amendment protect "search without probable cause"?
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Yes, the truck is a piece of the investigation and a piece of evidence. Especially if they got a warrant for the vehicle. You can get your truck back at a later date by contacting the police station.

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Where was the probable cause that my friend had an illegal substance in the bag? Doesn't the fourth amendment protect "search without probable cause"?
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If they asked to search his property, and he gave it to them, it's a legal search.
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Well, who is he to give permission? He doesn't own the vehicle.
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No but he gave permission to search his bag, and the bag was in the vehicle. It doesn't matter that he doesn't own it, the vehicle is now a crime scene.
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I would suggest calling the police and discussing this with them, and perhaps a lawyer. I'm not the one you have to convince about the search being illegal.
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Yes, it's legal. You are in the middle of the investigation.It wouldn't be a bad idea to speak with a lawyer.

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Where was the probable cause that my friend had an illegal substance in the bag? Doesn't the fourth amendment protect "search without probable cause"?
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You need to contact the police/ law office for exact information regarding your particular circumstances. Over the net people guess or share personal experience which pertains to personal experience, you don't Want inaccurate advice, it could mess things up. What applies to someone else might not be universal.Only you and the officer know all the charges , details, law behind this. Good luck!
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Yes they can legally do so, you will get it back, and you may want to take a look at who you're friends are and what they are into!

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Where was the probable cause that my friend had an illegal substance in the bag? Doesn't the fourth amendment protect "search without probable cause"?
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They definitely need probable cause to search the bags and the vehicle, if they were only acting on suspicion then they would have had to ask permission to search Anything!
Not knowing any other details I can't really say much as far as probable cause goes.
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Without probable cause the search would be an illegal search and seizure anything found would then be inadmissible in court since it was illegally obtained!
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Of course they can .. your vehicle was involved in a crime. There is no need for any more reason than that .. thanks to the guy whom you refer to as 'a friend'.

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Where was the probable cause that my friend had an illegal substance in the bag? Doesn't the fourth amendment protect "search without probable cause"?
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Your words: "he placed his property (black bags and briefcases) in the trunk as police watched him from a close distance. " .. If THAT is not probable cause .. NOTHING is!
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If he has a history of drug related crimes, and was acting suspiciously enough for him to be under surveillance in the first place .. THAT is more probably cause.
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In most countries, yes but in most countries they would notify the owner as soon as possible.

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Where was the probable cause that my friend had an illegal substance in the bag? Doesn't the fourth amendment protect "search without probable cause"?
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All the police need is reasonable suspicion that a crime occurred The suspicious activity by your "friend" was all they needed . How did you friend come about even being at your vehicle. Where were you while all this was going on you are lucky that all they did is impound your vehicle. if it could be proved that the vehicle was used to transport illegal things. they could seize you vehicle and use for undercover work or sell it and the department gets to keep the money. A lot of questions unanswered here

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