You can get diseases from microorganisms, genetics and many other ways but I don't believe there is a disease from not getting any sleep. After a while your body will shut down involuntarily so you can't help but to "sleep".
If you mean Can you get an STD if you dont have sexual contact with another person, the answer is yes. Not all desises, or STDs, must be transmitted through sleeping with another person. If thats not wat you ment to ask, i suggest you rephrase your question.