Civil War, Revolutionary War, Geography, the Regions of America, Native Americans, the Secession, the branches of government, the European Explorers such as John Cabot, the Colonists, Britain and America, all that good stuff. Well, it really depends on what district you're in, but that's what I learned.
My teacher was not at all a good teacher. She used profane language, was obeast always eating, and always would give us an assignment then get on her laptop to be on Facebook. She would always bully this kid named Nissi too. The poor girl talked a lot, and she would always say shut up. Which is something they're not suppose to do. The most I remember is doing some kind of book about Asia and Africa and reading hamlet... Thank goodness I am an honors student, because I don't think our class would've been exceeding like we were if we were not. Needless to say she was fired right after that year.
I learned how to debate my teacher and all of his insane radical left wing propaganda he tried to brainwash us with (actually that was in 7th grade) Mr. Stein, I'll never forget him, 6 foot 9, we called him Frankenstein, hey that rhymed!
That would have been about 1953. History. Mostly dates and brief descriptions of "historical" events. Boring, but I got A's and B's so as not to "hear about it" at home. I much preferred learning about history after school years; reading about the people of the time and how they lived their daily lives and what their attitudes were (and perhaps why, if it was known). What kind of world Columbus lived in was way more interesting to me than "1492."