2 years ago
Last edited at 3:47AM on 11/16/2011
The swastika (from Sanskrit: sv'stika) is an equilateral cross with its arms bent at right angles, in either right-facing form or its mirrored left-facing form.
Before Hitler, it was used in about 1870 by the Austrian Pan-German followers of Schoenerer, an Austrian anti-Semitic politician.
Its Nazi use was linked to the belief in the Aryan cultural descent of the German people. They considered the early Aryans of India to be the prototypical white invaders and hijacked the sign as a symbol of the Aryan master race.
The Nazi party formally adopted the swastika - what they called the Hakenkreuz, 'the hooked cross' - in 1920.
In Mein Kampf, Adolf Hitler wrote: 'I myself, meanwhile, after innumerable attempts, had laid down a final form; a flag with a red background, a white disk, and a black swastika in the middle. After long trials I also found a definite proportion between the size of the flag and the size of the white disk, as well as the shape and thickness of the swastika.'
Hitler was using the reversed swastika as an emblem in his flag because the swastika was perceived to be a symbol that incorporated the Nazi's ideals of classic "superiority" of a "pure race" and their ideal of a long-lasting empire. http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/xf-swas.html has more information on this.
Hitler was not using a reverse swastika as the emblem in his flag because he did not use a swastika, in that he did not call it a "swastika", he called it a "Hakenkreuz" (hooked cross), because it was a type of cross, and he used it to represent crossed S-letters for his dogma of "socialism" (because they did not use the word "Nazi" but called themselves socialists). It was similar to other stylized alphabetical symbolism under the National Socialist German Workers Party, including the SS Division, the NSV, and even the Volkswagen emblem (the letters V and W joined for "Volkswagen"). See the book "Pledge of Allegiance + Swastika Secrets" by the author Ian Tinny, explaining the work of the historian Dr. Rex Curry (on Amazon and Kindle). http://rexcurry.net