If you start teaching children at a young enough age, you can make them believe anything.its called endoctrination. Those young brains are like Computers they only know what info. Is fed into them. I think it's a crime to teach that which is not proven fact. Fortunately some children as they acquire knowledge, begin to question and doubt the illogical faith, and assumptions of adults. And they are the ones responsible for the survival and progress of our species. They don't just sit back and hope God will take care of everything. They become scientists, and educators.
We serve best to our kids, if we think it is good we do it. Se it depends what are your views for Buddhism or any other religion. If you think it is good for your kids then why don't you follow that. You have many options for that and ISLAM is also one of them.
Yes you could and it would be good for their well being. Buddhists have a serene demeanor and vastly superior coping skills to other humans. In my opinion, it would be a little negligent not to. So yes, you can.