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In 1984 why is scarcity related to hierarchy and war related to urgency of oligarchy?

in 1984, there are two sentences that I cannot comprehend.
Firstly, It is deliberate policy to keep even the favored groups somewhere near the brink of hardship, because a general state of scarcity increases the importance of small privileges and thus magnifies the distinction between one group and another. I just cannot figure out the relationship (scarcity related to hierarchy)
Then, the consciousness of being at war, and therefore in danger, makes the handing-over of all power to a small caste seem the natural, unavoidable condition of survival.( war related to urgency of oligarchy)
I will incredibly appreciate you if you help me

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George Orwell is commenting on the state of affairs in communist countries, or ones run by a strong central government. In 1984, he points out how deprivation is a common condition, and how even small perks can make the benefit of being in a high-status group seem worthwhile; this is counterintuitive to a capitalist country, and can only happen in a planned Economy.
The second statement is similar to the wag the dog scenario, where we will give up our liberties during wartime. It's something we are seeing even now, as we give up our Fourth Amendment protections to the NSA and other spy agencies. In this case, I would consider his observation to be prescient.

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Basically it's talking about everything that's occurred since 9-11. We have willingly given up rights all on the pretense of terrorism. We are becoming controlled and without any personal privacies all because we don't want to be attacked.
We are becoming everything our forefathers fought against. And what we fear being taken, is being taken. Ironic huh?

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