In 1984 why is scarcity related to hierarchy and war related to urgency of oligarchy?
in 1984, there are two sentences that I cannot comprehend.
Firstly, It is deliberate policy to keep even the favored groups somewhere near the brink of hardship, because a general state of scarcity increases the importance of small privileges and thus magnifies the distinction between one group and another. I just cannot figure out the relationship (scarcity related to hierarchy)
Then, the consciousness of being at war, and therefore in danger, makes the handing-over of all power to a small caste seem the natural, unavoidable condition of survival.( war related to urgency of oligarchy)
I will incredibly appreciate you if you help me