The way I view situations is called my emotions or attitude?
Neither, it is called your perspective, your paradigm. the way you react to situations is due to your emotions, that is called your attitude towards a situation.
To me i think it's that you have smarts (: some people don't have them, so feel happy you know the difference
It's called your 'perception' which is how you view and see things around you or situations occurring... 'Perspective' is your 'point of view' on a particular matter or situation...