What is the document called by which elements are organized by properties
Do you mean the Periodic Table?
The Periodic Table...
The periodic table is the document by which elements are organized by properties. The printable periodic table is readily available for free on a number of online resources like http://www.webelements.com/nexus/Printable_Periodic_Table. The copies of different formats of the table are also available at http://www.sciencegeek.net/tables/tables.shtml.
Um... don't you have a book? Perhaps you saw that big chart that looks all rainbowy and has weird numbers and letters on it? It is undoubtedly titled right there on the chart.