In fact, in the beginning, Muslims would face Jerusalem in prayer and it was called the first of the Qiblahs (the direction of prayer). Later, the direction of prayer would be redirected to the Kabah in Mecca, but the significance of Jerusalem still remained. Jerusalem is also important in the Islamic worldview because of the ?Isra and Miraj (the Night Journey and Ascension). In 620, the Prophet Muhammad was taken from Mecca to Jerusalem and from there to the heavens. In the Qur'an, this Night Journey is mentioned: Glory to (Allah) Who did take His servant for a Journey by night from the Sacred Mosque to the farthest Mosque, whose precincts We did bless,- in order that We might show him some of Our Signs: for He is the One Who heareth and seeth (all things). In Jerusalem, the spiritual link between all the prophets and faiths was further emphasized, when Prophet Muhammad met past Prophets and led them in prayer. This contextualized Islam within a broader tradition of prophecy and the call to monotheism. Thus, in any discussion on Jerusalem, it is absolutely necessary to acknowledge the spiritual claims of all faiths. Jerusalem was and continues to be held in high esteem by Muslims. The Prophet Muhammad said: "A journey should not be taken (with the intention of worship) except to three mosques: The Sacred Mosque in Mecca, my mosque in Medina, and Masjid al-Aqsa (the furthest mosque) in Jerusalem."
Jerusalem is the holy center for all Jews and Christians due to the sacred Holy Temple. Christians believe Jerusalem to be a sacred place as well, and it is also mentioned in the Bible. Muslims believe Jerusalem to be sacred due to its Dome of the Rock, which is involved in the events of Isra and Mi'raj.
Basically put, it's important because of its major ties to their religions.
2 months ago
Last edited at 6:30PM on 10/30/2013
Jerusalem Included the Temple Mount, where Abraham bound Isaac and where God chose for the Shekhinah to dwell. It is where God commanded the Temple to be built, the only place where Jews can make sacrifices and worship God. It is the historic center and capital of political, religious, and cultural life of the Jewish people. And according to the ancient prophecies it is where the Temple will be rebuilt when the Messiah comes. The Christians inherited the holiness of Jerusalem from the Jews, and the Muslims copied it to make it easier for them to appeal to prospective Jewish and Christian converts.
Jerusalem is a HUGE part of all three religions, as it is normally where the major events of the history of that religion take place. For example, Jesus was in Jerusalem. I don't know what it says in the Torah, but I know from the bible that Jerusalem was a big Jewish city. I don't know what the Quran says either, but I know that a long time ago the Muslims had control of Jerusalem and did everything under their power to keep under control it. I think that was during the crusades.
It's the capital of Israel, and also called the city of David because David captured it. It belongs to the Jews but the Arabs who are always interfering with anything Jewish are demanding it for themselves. It's a holy city and sacred to the Jews but the Muslims think it's sacred to them too. It's also sacred to the Christians.
If you read the Qur'an and the Bible it would be crystal clear that both are speaking about the same god. Sometimes people use Allah for the Muslim version but Allah (al-lah) means "the god", it is actually 2 words pronounced together (in the French language it is called a liaison). The reason that people do not make the translation is because by using Allah and God separately, people assume that they are different. This is an illusion. Read them both and you will see for yourself.
Since both reference the same god, it makes sense that both would have holy sites in the same place. Also, the Levant (Palestine, Israel, Syria) area has been conquered by more than 10 different civilizations, each group left their mark, and each group claims they have a right to visit.