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What is a "review of literature?

I'm doing science fair for my school, and I have no idea what a review of literature is, so can someone help me out?

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Hi adog, A review of literature is basically summarizing the purpose of your project. It has to include the Introduction, body and conclusion.

In the Introduction:
-Tell the purpose of your project. Give your question. (Example. What is the best outdoor structure material to resist the effects of acid rain.
-Retell the title of your project.
-Give a list of questions or topics researched.

In the Body:
-State your procedures.

-Repeat your question, but reword it. (example. Does wood, steel, granite, brick or glass hold up best in acid rain?)
-Summarize the main points that will help you answer your science fair question. This should be info you have learned from your research.
-Cite why the information you found research could be important in the future or daily life.
-Give one or two places the reader can find information about your topic. Like a link to a website or books.

A review of literature can be as long as you want it. Just make sure you include all of these things. Also, try not to use the words I, you, we and my.

Hope this helped! Let me know if you need more help!

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Oh wow. Thank you soo much!!
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You're welcome!
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In a review of literature for doctoral dissertation or other thesis, you review all of the relevant previous literature, including publications in magazines, scientific articles, etc. It's important to discuss previous experiments of a similar nature, as well as conclusions. This is where you would also discuss relevant experiments, and critique their design as well as statistics and findings. When I had to do mine for my dissertation, it was approximately 40 pages of my one hundred and thirty page dissertation. For a science fair, I would think a less rigorous review of literature might be appropriate. To do mine, I made many trips to the research desk at the library to do topic searches, and then looked up the articles and read the abstracts. Relevant articles were then footnoted and annotated.

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