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How can I describe the rainbow to a blind person using figures of speech?

Just curious... Our teacher in English asked this question as a "challenge" for us.

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You can describe a rainbow to a blind person by telling them the shape is like a semi circle that is spread of a large blue blanket which is the sky. In this big semicircle there are 7 different and beautiful colors which make it glow.

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How can a blind person know what blue is? -..-"
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@janiel696 Yeah, that's what my teacher also said. And besides, we're supposed to use figures of speech... ^^
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Its what happens after precipitation and the sun comes out. Then i would trace a semicircle with their finger and tell them its the shape. I dont think colors can be described to a blind person so the figure of speech i would use is its like describing a rainbow to a blind man. Please let me know what the right answer is:)

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I'm getting a hard time on finding a very good answer... I'll try my very best to figure this thing out! ^^
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candybar

Since they can't see blue (sky), or the colors of the rainbow, you have to make them "feel" it. For example, place their hand in a bowl of water and gently swish it around. Explain the water is blue, the sky is blue. Red for example can be felt as hot (fire). Yellow could be a fuzzy baby chicken. Green, pine trees. You get the idea. They have to feel what they know (or smell what they know).

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But how do they know that the water's blue by getting wet? Or the fire's red by getting burned?... :/
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candybar
Because it's described to them at an early age. Because they don't have all 6 senses, they rely more heavily on the other 5. They may not understand the color blue as we know it, but they can feel it, (cold water swishing thru their hands) when described to them by a seeing person you can explain, as their hand is twirling in water, that it's a calm color, it's soothing, it smells clean and light. When you describe green, you can have them hold a fragrant pine branch. Tell them it's a cool sensation, outdoorsy smell. I know it's hard to explain, but put a blindfold over your eyes. Have someone hand you something with smell, or soft, and bring up the awareness of your other senses. Don't forget, they don't see color as we do but use all your other senses to describe it. I hope this makes sense.
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candybar
And red, although you don't put their hand in fire, they could put their tongue on a red hot pepper, and you describe red=hot.
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Use music. They probably have an acute sense of hearing and can understand the beauty of a range of chords that fully represents the range of hearing. Sight is observation of different wavelengths with the eye but is very much similar to the observation of different wavelengths of sound with the ear.

If you have an iOS device (Apple iPhone, iPod Touch, iPad, etc), there is a free app called "Auditorium" that ties this together into a game where you adjust lights to "paint" rainbows of sorts using principles of physics, and audio sounds are produced corresponding to the wavelengths of light. They don't have a full rainbow in the free version of the app, but they do have at least 3 of the 7 different colours of the rainbow, and the music produced is quite beautiful. It may help communicate, and if not, it's fun and educational. The full version may have a full rainbow. There is also another smaller free app that is better for sight but not as good for sound called Genesis Lite.

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If someone cannot see, or hear, or has some other sense impaired, the only thing you can do is relate to the senses they do have. You could describe a rainbow as a chord of music or a blending of smells or tastes. Since a rainbow is the division of light into its seven component colors, it would correspond very well to the seven notes of the musical scale do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, and ti (do starts the next octave, it doesn't end the first). If you have a piano, organ, or accordion, you could play all seven notes at once to give them a sense of the rainbow.

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You can describe a rainbow to a blind person using figures of speech by saying, "One of the colors is red, and it is similar to the color of your blood. When fresh blood comes out of your body, it is a really bright red, but the oxygen gets to it, which turns it into a dark, mysterious shade of red."
I hope this helps!

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