As long as you aren't pouring or dripping a lot of white vinegar on your plants, why would it? If you're concerned, move the plants while you're cleaning the windows, and put them back when you're done.
No, white vinegar will not destroy your plants. If it comes into contact with the leaves, it can destroy the leaves, but this will effect the health of the plant. Your plant will just have less leaves. Vinegar cannot penetrate the root which is why it does not kill the plant.