A person may qualify for unemployment benefits if he/she lost a job through no fault of their own and has earned sufficient wages from employment. You must also be able to provide the unemployment agency with information showing that you're unemployed, able to work and are available for work, and that you're actively seeking work. For more information see: http://www.employeradvocates.com/faq/who_qualifies_for_unemployment_compensation.html.
Workers who are qualified for unemployment benefits are those who get unemployed not because of a fault of their own. However, this qualification does not include being fired for misconduct, quit without good cause, resigned because of illness, left to get married, involved in a labor dispute, and attending school.
Unemployment Benefits can vary depending on which state you are living in. Usually you will qualify for unemployment if you have been laid off from a job or your working hours have been reduced significantly. You can check your benefits by going to the local unemployment office or website for more details.