Art limited in composition to the dimensions of depth and height is called 2D art. This includes paintings, drawings and photographs and excludes three-dimensional forms such as sculpture and architecture.Know More
2D art is often defined by its medium and composition. Media used to create 2D art may include anything that can make a mark on a flat surface. Each medium brings its own unique qualities to a work of art; for example, oil paints can be reworked for days before drying and have unique depth.
Composition of 2D art is critical. This includes line, form, color, repetition and balance, in that order of importance. Line and form shape the appearance. Color brings out shapes and contributes mood and depth, among other things. The two principles of repetition and balance impart subtle moods. These elements arranged in two dimensions can even create the illusion of three dimensions, as in trompe l'oeil paintings.Learn more about Fine Art
Art serves many different functions, which are typically divided into personal, physical and social functions, explains About.com. Art benefits individuals and groups in a variety of different ways depending on the interplay between the individuals and the art and the type of artwork itself. Understanding this context is an important part of developing a discussion of the function of artwork in a society.Full Answer >
Modern art, 1850-1970, is a school of thought in reaction against rationalism and mechanistic metaphors for society in the wake of the Industrial Revolution and the development of photography. Although modern artists commonly had classical training, many chose to reject tradition in favor of experimental use of color, techniques and media.Full Answer >
High art is a concept used by societies to describe art that is created by a culturally renowned artist and is not accessible to lower classes. Classifying art is subjective, so what one group considers high art may be considered low art by another.Full Answer >
In art, the term "form" has two meanings. In its most basic application, form refers to a three-dimensional work of art, such as a sculpture or installation. In a broader sense, form is a concept that encapsulates all visible features of an artwork. Form in this context refers to the objective qualities of a work, including color, shape and contrast.Full Answer >