ASTM D-4236 is the standard practice of labeling art materials for chronic health hazards. The designation "conforms to ASTM D-4236" means all of the potentially hazardous components of the art product have been clearly labeled on the product packaging.Know More
Art supplies sold in the United States must include the printed phrase "conforms to ASTM D-4236." This means that every potentially hazardous component used to make the product is listed on the packaging.
Some common art supply components, such as solvents, cause allergic reactions or are dangerous if they touch the skin or the eyes. Other art supply components cause respiratory problems if they are over-inhaled. The ASTM D-4236 standard requires these components to be listed on art supply packaging, to help people make responsible choices about both choosing and using art supplies. The related Labeling Hazardous Art Materials Act requires art supply packaging to carry warnings about any dangerous materials, such as "if product gets in eyes, wash immediately."
Even if the art supply in question contains no potentially hazardous materials, it is still required to carry the "conforms to ASTM D-4236" designation. This way, consumers know that the art product they are considering purchasing has been fully checked for hazardous materials.Learn more about Fine Art
Pop art has influenced fashion through the use of various art forms, including fashion illustration, photography and the utilization of prints and designs taken from modern art and popular culture. Some artists that have employed pop art in fashion include Jeremy Scott, Keith Haring, Antonio Lopez, Patricia Field and Andy Warhol.Full Answer >
The center of interest in art is the main focus of a drawing, painting or photograph, also known as focal point. The center of interest does not have to be the center of an art piece; however, it is the key element that defines it, and its interest is not diminished through other competing elements within the same artwork.Full Answer >
The importance of the Renaissance painter Raphael Sanzio is that his paintings went beyond the previous work of his contemporary, Michelangelo, by combining subtleties, a greater clarity of form and softer shading to create a more realistic rendering of his figures. He also infused his own sense of grace into his figures and avoided the air of tension often found in Michelangelo's depictions. Raphael's work is known and admired for his ability to visually capture the Neoplatonic and Renaissance ideal of human grandeur.Full Answer >
Leonardo da Vinci was born in Italy, then alternated between life in France and Italy before ending his days just outside of Amboise, France. Leonardo was born on April 15, 1452 in the town of Vinci, Italy, which lies in the Tuscan region. Leonardo then relocated to Florence, Italy to carry out an apprenticeship, then moved to Milan to embark on his first professional endeavor as a sculptor and painter.Full Answer >