In Book One of "The Odyssey," Athena tells Telemachus to go on a voyage to find his father. Later in Book 16, Athena tells Telemachus that he needs to return to Ithaca to prevent suitors from winning his mother's hand in marriage.Know More
At the beginning of "The Odyssey," Odysseus has been absent for 20 years. Athena tells his son, Telemachus, that he must go and find him, but she does not tell him his location. She does this to send him on a voyage of discovery, which helps him mature and prepare for a leadership role.
Later in Book 16, Athena finds Telemachus in Sparta and tells him he must return to Ithaca to prevent suitors from marrying his mother. She tells him that they have arranged an ambush and gives him instructions on how to prevent it. Athena also tells him that he must first visit Eumaeus, the head of the swineherd, so that he can pass along news of his safe return to Penelope.
After returning to Ithaca and following Athena's instructions, Telemachus finds his father in a hut in the form of an old man. At this point, Athena appears and calls Odysseus outside, which causes his disguise to disappear. Reunited, Telemachus and Odysseus determine a way to overthrow his mother's suitors.Learn more about Mythology
Among Athena's allies were many heroes of Greek mythology, including Odysseus, Jason, Perseus and Heracles. Because she sided with the Greeks in the Trojan War, her enemies included Paris and the other defenders of Troy. Among the gods, her opponents included Hephaestus and Poseidon.Full Answer >
Athena's siblings included Persephone, the Dioscuri twins, Helen, Dike, Minos, Aphrodite, Artemis, Heracles, the Graces, the Muses, Apollo, Artemis, Daradanus Hephaestus, Hebe, Eileithyia, Ares and Dionysus. Athena is considered a lone child of Zeus because she was born from his head.Full Answer >
Athena's powers include: authority over wisdom and crafts, which includes agriculture, spinning, needlework, weaving and navigation. Athena is also considered as both a goddess of war, and the patron goddess of Athens. In her aspect as a goddess of war, Athena's authority falls more on strategy rather than open conflict.Full Answer >
Penelope tested Odysseus three times in the "Odyssey." With Odysseus disguised as a beggar, she asked him about Odysseus' travels, clothing and personality. In her second test, Penelope retrieved Odysseus' bow, stating she will marry the man who strings it and makes a perfect shot. For her final test, she requested the movement of their marriage bed, which only Odysseus knows cannot be moved.Full Answer >