Greek literature is characterized by its groundbreaking genres, ranging from poetry to drama, and its strict forms of meter. Greek literature includes the development of epic poems, lyrical poems, comedic dramas, tragedies, philosophies and historical writings. The genres often dealt with political issues, gods and historical legends of wars and warriors.Know More
The Western literary tradition began with Greek literature. Epic poetry and many of the plays written by Greeks captured their oral history and legendary characters. Epic poetry, known for its long narratives, was rooted in war ballads. Homer popularized epic poetry with his poems "The Iliad" and "The Odyssey." Hesiod was another popular composer of epic poetry. Sappho and Pindar are poets who perfected lyric poetry.
Ancient Greek dramas looked very different than the Greek dramas of today, as giant masks were used to project the actors' voices and display the character's emotions. Three famous playwrights in Ancient Greece were Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides. Sophocles is known for "Oedipus Rex" and "Antigone" as well as for introducing irony as a literary technique in drama. Aeschylus is credited with developing the art of characters and dialogue. Euripides is known for challenging social norms through his dramas and really utilizing female characters. The philosophical writing of Aristotle, Plato and Socrates have remained influential throughout history.Learn More
The Victorian era in literature is marked by a shift in the attitude of poets from relaxed to realism-oriented, as well as a shift in popularity from poetry to novels. Novels were granted the title of an art form, and both poems and novels confronted social conflict.Full Answer >
Contemporary literature is ironic and reflects a society's political, social and personal views. The term "contemporary literature" usually applies to anything written after World War II.Full Answer >
Philippine literature is typified by Ladino poems and the religious and secular dramas held on various religious holidays or following someone's death. It is heavily influenced by the arrival of the Spanish in 1565.Full Answer >
An appreciation of emotion, an artist's unique spirit, a reverence for nature and a skepticism about human society are all characteristics of Romantic literature. These characteristics are all a sharp shift from the Neoclassical literary movement that preceded Romanticism.Full Answer >