Greek literature is characterized by its groundbreaking genres, ranging from poetry to drama, and its strict forms of meter. Greek literature includes the development of epic poems, lyrical poems, comedic dramas, tragedies, philosophies and historical writings. The genres often dealt with political issues, gods and historical legends of wars and warriors.Know More
The Western literary tradition began with Greek literature. Epic poetry and many of the plays written by Greeks captured their oral history and legendary characters. Epic poetry, known for its long narratives, was rooted in war ballads. Homer popularized epic poetry with his poems "The Iliad" and "The Odyssey." Hesiod was another popular composer of epic poetry. Sappho and Pindar are poets who perfected lyric poetry.
Ancient Greek dramas looked very different than the Greek dramas of today, as giant masks were used to project the actors' voices and display the character's emotions. Three famous playwrights in Ancient Greece were Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides. Sophocles is known for "Oedipus Rex" and "Antigone" as well as for introducing irony as a literary technique in drama. Aeschylus is credited with developing the art of characters and dialogue. Euripides is known for challenging social norms through his dramas and really utilizing female characters. The philosophical writing of Aristotle, Plato and Socrates have remained influential throughout history.Learn more about Literature
Prose is all forms of writing and speech which have no structured meter. This is inclusive of written and enacted forms.Full Answer >
In classical literary structure, the genres other than prose are poetry and drama. In modern literary structure, two additional genres have been added: nonfiction (arguably a form of prose) and media, which is primarily but not entirely non-prose.Full Answer >
The Quran's origins as an oral text in which recitation and intonation were of utmost importance, and its style of interweaving revelations from various periods into its sections, are its greatest influences on literature and poetry, according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica. In addition, because the Quran was written in Arabic, the Arabic language became the most important means of written expression in Islamic literature.Full Answer >
The two divisions of literature are prose and poetry. While prose is written in a straightforward manner to appeal to the reader's intellect, poetry has a more rhythmic, imaginative tone used to awaken the reader's emotion.Full Answer >