A haiku is an unrhymed poem of three lines and 17 syllables, with five syllables in the first line, seven in the second and five in the third. A haiku emphasizes imagery, usually of landscapes, seasons and the time of day.Know More
In original Japanese poetry, a haiku juxtaposed two images with the intention of harmonizing them. Kireji, or "cutting words," linked the disparate images. The first great haiku master was Basho. During the Tokugawa period in the 17th century, he elevated the haiku to a level of high art. Other haiku masters included Buson in the 18th century and Masaoka Shiki in the 19th century. Over the centuries, haiku became the dominant form of Japanese poetry. By the end of the 20th century, over a million Japanese studied haiku under teachers.
Since the early part of the 19th century, some European poets have tried to imitate the haiku. The Indian Nobel prize-winning poet Rabindranath Tagore wrote haiku in Bengali and also translated some from the original Japanese. The haiku form became popular in the United States through beat-era writers such as Jack Kerouac and Gary Snyder. In modern times, it is practiced by poets worldwide in Japan, many European countries, India, Russia and the United States.Learn more about Poetry
One of the most important characteristics of lyric poetry is the expression of personal feelings or thoughts. Other characteristics include a musical quality and the desire to express a specific emotion or mood.Full Answer >
Romantic poetry generally refers to an overall approach to poetry, with Wordsworth and Blake as part of the movement and the most notable characteristics being an interest in the natural world, the human spirit, the fantastical and individualism. Many Romantic poems are often reflective, either of the world itself or the poet's relation to the world.Full Answer >
Modernist poetry is characterized by themes of disillusionment, fragmentation and alienation from society. These characteristics are widely believed to be feelings brought on by the Industrial Revolution and the many social, political and economic changes that accompanied it. This multinational cultural movement began in the late 19th century and maintained its prevalence in art throughout World War I and the immediately subsequent years. Many modernist poems have speakers that seem to be struggling with their own definition of self and placement in society.Full Answer >
Romantic poetry focuses on imagination, appreciation of nature, emotion, individuality and passion. Two of the most notable poets of the Romantic era are John Keats and Percy Bysshe Shelley.Full Answer >