Modernism is often characterized by its plain geometric forms and its emphasis on the layout, location and function of the structures themselves. Modern architecture emerged in the late 19th century and began to reach maturity and acceptance in the early 20th century.
Layout and location are key in modernist design. Architects such as Frank Lloyd Wright used the plot of land to influence the design and layout. Rather than simply placing the building on top of the land, the construction uses the physical features of the land as a starting point to connect the interior and exterior designs. For example, architects use rooms that open onto patios and glass walls to create a more seamless connection between the indoor and outdoor spaces.
One of the main features of modern architecture is simplicity in design and form. Homes are stripped down to the basics to show the architectural elements of the home itself; rather than focusing on the decor or detailing work, the focus is on the space as a whole. Modern design encourages homes to be clean, functional and simple. The inner workings of the home tend to be visible: beams and other structural elements are exposed to the viewer.
Modern architecture also features linear elements. Lines are highly important in the design, and the physical elements of the building, such as beams, posts, windows, staircases and fireplaces, are used to assist the creation of a linear space. The lines are typically straight and angled, and roof lines are bold. Homes often have multiple roof lines at varying levels. The exterior design of the home isn't simply functional but artistic.
Modern architecture focuses on open floor plans with fewer walls, creating a space in which the living, dining and kitchen areas are all combined. Sometimes fireplaces are used as an accent. Windows are used in the design to bring in light. Modern homes often have floor-to-ceiling or above-eye-level windows and sliding doors to bring in more natural light, and the building materials tend to be left in their organic state.Learn More
The Baroque style had many characteristics, but the foliage motifs, the marquetry and the putti are some of the most recognizable features. The word "putti" is Italian for "boys," and it refers to the popular use of infants resembling cherub in many Baroque pieces.Full Answer >
Modernist poetry is characterized by themes of disillusionment, fragmentation and alienation from society. These characteristics are widely believed to be feelings brought on by the Industrial Revolution and the many social, political and economic changes that accompanied it. This multinational cultural movement began in the late 19th century and maintained its prevalence in art throughout World War I and the immediately subsequent years. Many modernist poems have speakers that seem to be struggling with their own definition of self and placement in society.Full Answer >
The modern drama is characterized by its unique subject matter like the romanticism of the poor, the strict depiction of real life and the use of symbols, imagery and metaphors. Although modern drama evolved over time, its theme of using theater to challenge and experiment upon social norms remained constant.Full Answer >
To set out a building, establish the layout of the building on the site. Stake out the corners of the building and use rope between each stake. If the building is very large or a complex shape, grid it out using stakes and ropes in smaller rectangles or squares. Then do the same thing for the inner profile of the building's walls in order to accurately pour the foundation.Full Answer >