Because a layer of volcanic ash preserved everything from art and architecture to the actual residents, the city of Pompeii provides a clear snapshot of Roman art in situ. Thieves took many paintings, sculptures and other artifacts over the years, but there is still a significant amount of the city waiting to be revealed.Know More
The eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 A.D. buried Pompeii and its residents under a mountain of ash. The city remained largely undisturbed until 1748, when the study and collection of art and artifacts began in the soft volcanic ash.
Excavation revealed some of the valuable wall paintings and tile mosaics that were common in Roman households. Further excavation and large scale thievery became common during the mid 1700s, which resulted in the destruction and loss of many historically valuable sites and objects.
However, modern projects begun in the 1960s have uncovered and begun to restore much of the city. These developments allow scientists and art historians to study the architectural and artistic underpinnings of the best-preserved city of Roman times.
As of 2014, only about a third of Pompeii is uncovered. Local preservation efforts include keeping what is already exposed safe, and meticulous documentation of new discoveries. Within the well-preserved walls lie information about the common artistic styles and practices of both the common and elite Roman citizens, as well as examples of possibly unique and well-preserved art that may provide more extensive knowledge about the day-to-day role of art in the life of Romans.Learn more about Fine Art
Classical Roman art differed from classical Greek art because Roman art focused on realism, while Greek art focused on idealism. Roman artists typically made realistic portraits and sculptures. The works of art made by Greek artists demonstrated the ideal physical form.Full Answer >
The main difference in fine art and applied art is that fine art is intended to create beauty and pleasure in looking while applied art is intended to be an aesthetic approach to performing a specific duty. Fine arts are able to be seen and can be produced for the sole purpose of pleasing the senses while applied arts are the act of doing something proactive.Full Answer >
Ottoman art is similar to early Islamic art because of the use of geometric patterns and the emphasis on decorative arts that have practical uses, such as textiles and vases. Ottoman art is known for using variations on the arabesque, a stylized leafy or floral pattern.Full Answer >
Batik is a dyeing technique that uses wax and dye to pattern fabric. While wax dyeing is traditional in countries throughout Asia and Africa, batik refers specifically to Indonesian fabric art.Full Answer >