Cubism was an early 20th century art form that rebelled against the basic artistic techniques of perspective, modeling and foreshortening. Rather than trying to imitate life, Cubist artists highlighted the flatness of the canvas, fracturing their subjects into geometric forms viewed from multiple angles. Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque are generally recognized as the creators of Cubism.Know More
The Cubist movement first emerged in Paris between 1907 and 1914. French art critic, Louis Vauxcelles, devised the term Cubism after viewing a landscape painting by Braque. Some of Cubism's primary influences include Paul Cezanne's landscapes and the stylistic distortions of African art. In the earliest Cubist works, the painting's subject was still typically discernible. Picasso's famous "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon," for example, features heavily distorted female figures that are still recognizable, and is a defining work of early Cubism.
As the movement progressed, Picasso and Braque entered a phase known as Analytic Cubism. These highly abstracted works reduced their subjects to a series of overlapping angles and planes, making no effort to represent actual objects or people. Typical subjects of Analytic Cubism included musical instruments, bottles, newspapers and human faces.
Braque and Picasso eventually moved on to Synthetic Cubism, which took their painting completely beyond representations of 3D space. These works featured large pieces of paper pasted onto the canvas, either cut to represent certain objects or adorned with newspaper or magazine imagery referencing the painting's subject.Learn More
The main difference in fine art and applied art is that fine art is intended to create beauty and pleasure in looking while applied art is intended to be an aesthetic approach to performing a specific duty. Fine arts are able to be seen and can be produced for the sole purpose of pleasing the senses while applied arts are the act of doing something proactive.Full Answer >
Artifacts and objects created by indigenous peoples living in tribal communities are referred to as tribal art. Examples include totemic art made by the First Nations tribes of the Pacific Northwest, African masks and the stone statues on Easter Island.Full Answer >
In art, "medium" refers to the physical objects used by artists to convey messages to audiences through the senses. Mediums used by artists vary widely, and range from tools including paints, brushes, pencils and pastels used by traditional artists, to instruments, voice and electronics used in the auditory arts. Additionally, sculptors use raw materials like wood, paints, clay and plastics to create figurines and sculptures.Full Answer >
Ephemeral art can have several meanings, though they are not necessarily mutually exclusive. One type explicitly calls for the use of environmental or natural media. The other calls for materials and compositions that speak to the notion of ephemerality, or time itself.Full Answer >