Art Nouveau, a form of art inspired largely by the shapes and forms of untamed nature, began during the 1880s and was prominent until World War I. Its name is a French phrase meaning "new art."
Art Nouveau drew widely from other art movements prominent in the late 19th century. Traditional Japanese art, wildly popular at the time, was a primary inspiration. However, Art Nouveau was also heavily influenced by Impressionism, the Arts and Crafts traditionalist movements and the Aesthetic movement.
The new art was marked by its use of symbolism, magic, the natural and hidden worlds and the use of women in natural, untamed poses. Smooth, flowing lines were popular, particularly if they imitated the natural curves and bifurcations of plants. Glass, prints and ceramics were favorite mediums.Learn More
Ottoman art is similar to early Islamic art because of the use of geometric patterns and the emphasis on decorative arts that have practical uses, such as textiles and vases. Ottoman art is known for using variations on the arabesque, a stylized leafy or floral pattern.Full Answer >
The main difference in fine art and applied art is that fine art is intended to create beauty and pleasure in looking while applied art is intended to be an aesthetic approach to performing a specific duty. Fine arts are able to be seen and can be produced for the sole purpose of pleasing the senses while applied arts are the act of doing something proactive.Full Answer >
Rangoli, also known as Kolam, Chowkpurna and Alpana in different languages, is a Hindu tradition that means "a row of colors." Usually, Rangolis are colorful designs created to welcome guests for special occasions.Full Answer >
Critiquing art involves analyzing the planning and construction of a work, its primary points of emphasis, relationships among subjects, how the work relates to current events and to other works, the originality of the work, aesthetics, the ideas represented, and the feelings it elicits in viewers. Elements involved in the critique depend on the type of art reviewed. For example, botanical art is often judged on accuracy, lighting and composition.Full Answer >