Art Nouveau, a form of art inspired largely by the shapes and forms of untamed nature, began during the 1880s and was prominent until World War I. Its name is a French phrase meaning "new art."
Art Nouveau drew widely from other art movements prominent in the late 19th century. Traditional Japanese art, wildly popular at the time, was a primary inspiration. However, Art Nouveau was also heavily influenced by Impressionism, the Arts and Crafts traditionalist movements and the Aesthetic movement.
The new art was marked by its use of symbolism, magic, the natural and hidden worlds and the use of women in natural, untamed poses. Smooth, flowing lines were popular, particularly if they imitated the natural curves and bifurcations of plants. Glass, prints and ceramics were favorite mediums.Learn More
The main difference in fine art and applied art is that fine art is intended to create beauty and pleasure in looking while applied art is intended to be an aesthetic approach to performing a specific duty. Fine arts are able to be seen and can be produced for the sole purpose of pleasing the senses while applied arts are the act of doing something proactive.Full Answer >
Artifacts and objects created by indigenous peoples living in tribal communities are referred to as tribal art. Examples include totemic art made by the First Nations tribes of the Pacific Northwest, African masks and the stone statues on Easter Island.Full Answer >
In art, "medium" refers to the physical objects used by artists to convey messages to audiences through the senses. Mediums used by artists vary widely, and range from tools including paints, brushes, pencils and pastels used by traditional artists, to instruments, voice and electronics used in the auditory arts. Additionally, sculptors use raw materials like wood, paints, clay and plastics to create figurines and sculptures.Full Answer >
Ephemeral art can have several meanings, though they are not necessarily mutually exclusive. One type explicitly calls for the use of environmental or natural media. The other calls for materials and compositions that speak to the notion of ephemerality, or time itself.Full Answer >