Art Nouveau, a form of art inspired largely by the shapes and forms of untamed nature, began during the 1880s and was prominent until World War I. Its name is a French phrase meaning "new art."
Art Nouveau drew widely from other art movements prominent in the late 19th century. Traditional Japanese art, wildly popular at the time, was a primary inspiration. However, Art Nouveau was also heavily influenced by Impressionism, the Arts and Crafts traditionalist movements and the Aesthetic movement.
The new art was marked by its use of symbolism, magic, the natural and hidden worlds and the use of women in natural, untamed poses. Smooth, flowing lines were popular, particularly if they imitated the natural curves and bifurcations of plants. Glass, prints and ceramics were favorite mediums.