The Greeks created gods like Athena, Ares, Hades, Poseidon and Hera to explain the world around them. They relied on the gods to explain natural phenomenon, provide authority to the ruling class and entertain the masses. Most city-states had at least one particular god they honored. They would celebrate and worship that god through the building of temples, participation in festivals, sports competitions and sacrifices.Know More
There are 12 Greek gods located on Mount Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece. The main leader of the Greek gods was Zeus, known for yielding the thunderbolt. Different gods controlled different aspects of life such as love, war, the hunt, harvest and afterlife in the underworld. One of the natural phenomenon that the Greeks used the gods to explain was creation. Another was the story of the great flood.
The Greek gods resembled humans in many of their characteristics. They expressed themselves through the human emotions of anger, lust, jealousy, love, passion and compassion. The main difference between gods and humans were that the gods were immortal and powerful. The stories of the gods were passed on orally through family members and storytellers and are so entertaining, they are still used in popular culture.Learn more in Mythology
In Greek mythology, Poseidon was the god of the sea and protector of all water. The Greeks relied upon water for survival because it was crucial for food, shipping and trade, among other things. The thought was that if Poseidon was happy he would not wreak vengeance upon the Greeks. He was often worshipped by seamen who requested his protection while traveling on the water.Full Answer >
In Greek Mythology, Nemesis is the goddess of divine retribution against those who violate sacred law or show arrogance before the gods. She is also sometimes called by the name Adrasteia, which means “one from whom there is no escape.”Full Answer >
The main differences between Greek and Roman mythologies are the names and descriptions of the gods and to what extent the citizens accepted the mythologies as history. Most of the Roman gods and legends were directly based on their Greek predecessors, so even though they were recorded differently, many aspects of the mythologies are similar.Full Answer >
The 12 Olympian gods were Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Demeter, Ares, Aphrodite, Hephaestus, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Hermes, and Hestia or Dionysus, depending on who is listing the gods. The Olympians were the major gods of the Greek pantheon and were also referred to as the Dodecatheon.Full Answer >