The Greeks created gods like Athena, Ares, Hades, Poseidon and Hera to explain the world around them. They relied on the gods to explain natural phenomenon, provide authority to the ruling class and entertain the masses. Most city-states had at least one particular god they honored. They would celebrate and worship that god through the building of temples, participation in festivals, sports competitions and sacrifices.Know More
There are 12 Greek gods located on Mount Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece. The main leader of the Greek gods was Zeus, known for yielding the thunderbolt. Different gods controlled different aspects of life such as love, war, the hunt, harvest and afterlife in the underworld. One of the natural phenomenon that the Greeks used the gods to explain was creation. Another was the story of the great flood.
The Greek gods resembled humans in many of their characteristics. They expressed themselves through the human emotions of anger, lust, jealousy, love, passion and compassion. The main difference between gods and humans were that the gods were immortal and powerful. The stories of the gods were passed on orally through family members and storytellers and are so entertaining, they are still used in popular culture.Learn More
In Greek mythology, Athena is the goddess of arts, wisdom, literature, war, defense and heroism, and she became patron saint of Athens, turned Arakhne into a spider, helped heroes in their quests and participated in the judgment of Paris and the Trojan War. Athena carries an aegis, which is a type of shield.Full Answer >
In Greek mythology, Poseidon was the god of the sea and protector of all water. The Greeks relied upon water for survival because it was crucial for food, shipping and trade, among other things. The thought was that if Poseidon was happy he would not wreak vengeance upon the Greeks. He was often worshipped by seamen who requested his protection while traveling on the water.Full Answer >
The Greek god Zeus feared nothing because he was the king of the Olympic pantheon and ruled over gods, men and monsters. Before his rise to supreme power, his mother protected him from his father. When Zeus grew strong enough, he overthrew Cronos and the Titans.Full Answer >
According to the Greek philosopher Plato, Atlantis sank into the Atlantic ocean after the gods sent fire and earthquakes to the island. The gods were angry at the people of Atlantis for becoming greedy and pursuing immoral things.Full Answer >