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What did Michelangelo contribute to art?

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Michelangelo was an Italian painter, sculptor and architect of the Renaissance period who contributed a great deal to art, particularly his David and Pietà sculptures, as well as the Sistine Chapel ceiling painting. Michelangelo was born on March 6, 1475, in Caprese, Italy.

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The Pietà was a commissioned work from a French cardinal visiting Rome, where Michelangelo was working, in 1498. The cardinal wished to have this work done as a decoration for his future tomb. Currently, the Pietà is located in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome, and it draws thousands of visitors more than 500 years after its creation.

Michelangelo was contracted to create a male figure out of marble for the purpose of enhancing Florence's Duomo in 1501. He chose to depict young David from the Old Testament in a 17-foot-tall marble statue. The statue currently is kept at the Gallerie dell'Accademia in Florence.

In 1508, Pope Julius II commissioned Michelangelo to paint the Sistine Chapel ceiling with the 12 apostles. However, Michelangelo instead painted seven prophets and five sibyls around the ceiling's border, filling the center with scenes from Genesis. The most famous of these is "The Creation of Adam" painting, in which God and Adam are seen outstretching their fingers toward one another.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    How many sculptures did Michelangelo create?

    A:

    Art historians have conclusively identified 42 sculptures created by Michelangelo. At least four additional sculptures have been attributed to the artist based on style and time of creation, but without historical records, the attribution is not definitive.

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  • Q:

    What materials did Michelangelo use?

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    Michelangelo's preferred sculpture material was marble, which he used in his most-renowned sculptures, including "Pieta" and "David". Most of Michelangelo's paintings were in fresco, which is a method of mural painting. During fresco painting, earth pigments are mixed with water and applied to fresh plaster.

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  • Q:

    What is Michelangelo famous for?

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    Michelangelo was a famous artist from the Renaissance period whose works include sculptures and paintings. His "David" and the "Pietà" are his two most famous sculptures. His paintings include the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.

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  • Q:

    What is the legacy of Michelangelo?

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    Michelangelo Buonarroti was an Italian Renaissance artist whose legacy resides in his most famous works: the "Pieta," "Moses" and "David" sculptures. He is renowned for his painting on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Vatican City. Michelangelo was also the architect of St. Peter's Basilica.

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