In Greek mythology, Oedipus first saved the city of Thebes from a plague placed upon it by the Sphinx. He did not defeat the Sphinx through brute force but through intellect when he correctly answered the monster's riddle. He was pronounced King of Thebes but unknowingly married his mother, Jocasta.Know More
The Sphinx had been terrorizing Thebes for an undisclosed amount of time before Oedipus was able to defeat it. The Sphinx placed a great plague over Thebes and refused to remove it until someone correctly answered its riddle. Many heroes attempted to answer the riddle, but each one was eaten alive after answering incorrectly. When Oedipus answered the Sphinx correctly, the Sphinx killed itself.
King Laius received an oracle before Oedipus' birth claiming that a male child produced by Laius would kill him. After Oedipus' birth, Laius sent the newborn to be exposed, but Oedipus was taken to Corinth and raised by the king and queen instead. Oedipus visited an oracle when he was older and was told that he would kill his father and have children with his mother. When he fled, he ran into Laius, who was disrespectful, so Oedipus killed him. Oedipus followed the road to Thebes, where he solved the riddle.Learn more about Classics
In his poem "The Raven" Edgar Allen Poe makes allusions to two famous sources, the Bible and Greek mythology. Poe alludes to Greek mythology by bringing up Pallas Athena and a Plutonian shore. He alludes to the Bible by mentioning seraphim and referencing the balm of Gilead.Full Answer >
The Chorus in "Oedipus Rex" serves several important functions in the play. The Chorus is composed of a group of elders from Thebes who observe what is happening and react to it as the audience is most likely to respond. The Chorus acts as the bystander who gets to ask the tough questions as well as the observer who explains things the audience does not know.Full Answer >
Fate's role in "Oedipus Rex" is to force Oedipus to kill his father and marry his mother. The struggle between fate and free will is a central theme of the play as Oedipus does his best to avoid his prophesied destiny, but ultimately to no avail.Full Answer >
The biggest irony in "Oedipus the King" is that although Oedipus spends his entire life trying to avoid the prophecy that he would kill his father and marry his mother, he still completes both actions without knowing it. There are other examples of irony in the famous play, but this is the most important one.Full Answer >