In Greek mythology, Oedipus first saved the city of Thebes from a plague placed upon it by the Sphinx. He did not defeat the Sphinx through brute force but through intellect when he correctly answered the monster's riddle. He was pronounced King of Thebes but unknowingly married his mother, Jocasta.Know More
The Sphinx had been terrorizing Thebes for an undisclosed amount of time before Oedipus was able to defeat it. The Sphinx placed a great plague over Thebes and refused to remove it until someone correctly answered its riddle. Many heroes attempted to answer the riddle, but each one was eaten alive after answering incorrectly. When Oedipus answered the Sphinx correctly, the Sphinx killed itself.
King Laius received an oracle before Oedipus' birth claiming that a male child produced by Laius would kill him. After Oedipus' birth, Laius sent the newborn to be exposed, but Oedipus was taken to Corinth and raised by the king and queen instead. Oedipus visited an oracle when he was older and was told that he would kill his father and have children with his mother. When he fled, he ran into Laius, who was disrespectful, so Oedipus killed him. Oedipus followed the road to Thebes, where he solved the riddle.Learn more about Classics
Achilles, who is characterized as one of the greatest warriors in Greek mythology, was invincible except for the heel of his foot. This vulnerable spot led to his death during the Trojan War, where he fought on the side of the Greeks.Full Answer >
Fate's role in "Oedipus Rex" is to force Oedipus to kill his father and marry his mother. The struggle between fate and free will is a central theme of the play as Oedipus does his best to avoid his prophesied destiny, but ultimately to no avail.Full Answer >
The biggest irony in "Oedipus the King" is that although Oedipus spends his entire life trying to avoid the prophecy that he would kill his father and marry his mother, he still completes both actions without knowing it. There are other examples of irony in the famous play, but this is the most important one.Full Answer >
In "Oedipus Rex," the chorus shows the horrors of the plague and fear about the coming message from the Oracle at the play's start and later moves on to comment about the nature of humanity. In general, the role of the chorus in Greek tragedy was to signal the beginning and ending of the story with song and to provide commentary about the events and actions in the play.Full Answer >