Pablo Picasso painted one of his most celebrated and politically powerful pieces "Guernica" in response to the Nazi bombing of the Basque town of Guernica in April 1937. Aiding insurgents in the Spanish Civil War, German planes bombed and destroyed the town, indiscriminately killing women and children. The destruction of Guernica became a symbol of the lost liberties of the Basque people.Know More
Pablo Picasso was a Spanish native. During the bombing of Guernica in 1937, Picasso was working on a commissioned mural for the Paris Exhibition scheduled to begin the following summer. Within days after hearing about the Guernica bombing, he abandoned his first idea for the mural project and began working on "Guernica" instead. When his painting was unveiled at the Paris Exhibition later that summer, it did not garner much attention. It was not until later that Picasso's "Guernica" became a symbol of the devastating effects of war.
Following the Paris Exhibition, "Guernica" traveled around the world on a brief tour, gathering acclaim and bringing the Spanish Civil War to the attention of the world. Over time, "Guernica" became an anti-war symbol, an embodiment of peace and a reminder of the brutality, particularly upon innocent civilians, and the tragically destructive nature of war.Learn more about Painting
Some of the artist’s major influences were Edvard Munch, Henri Toulouse de Lautrec, Paul Cézanne, Henri Rousseau and Georges Braque, who worked with Picasso to found the school of Cubism. Classically trained in the European school, Picasso emerged as a symbolist, drawing on Impressionism through Munch and Post-Impressionism via Lautrec. From Cézanne and Rousseau, he learned about archaic and tribal art, which led him toward Cubism.Full Answer >
Pablo Picasso studied at three different schools: the School of Fine Arts in Barcelona, the Royal Academy of San Fernando and La Llotja. Picasso, the co-creator of the cubism art style, was born in Malaga in 1881. He first attended the Royal Academy in 1895 at the age of 14.Full Answer >
Pablo Picasso studied at two institutions in Spain: the Royal Academy of San Fernando and the School of Fine Arts in Barcelona. He attended the Royal Academy at age 14 and the School of Fine Arts at 16.Full Answer >
Pablo Picasso had two siblings, Dolores (nicknamed Lola) and Conception (nicknamed Conchita). Both of his sisters were younger than him.Full Answer >