While the basic idea of fiction as fake and non-fiction as truth hold true for all genres, there are some that fall toward the middle of the strict contrast. For example, creative non-fiction involves real events, but details are often exaggerated for dramatic effect. Memoirs can fall under both fiction and non-fiction, depending on how rooted in truth is in the story.Know More
Many non-fiction works, while rooted basically in truth, do have a bias that means the reader or viewer should not take the story at face value. Biographies, autobiographies and documentaries are a few examples of non-fiction that often have an agenda that causes the creator to bend the truth to fit his vision.
There is also historical fiction that focuses on real events, but fictionalizes certain aspects of the story. For example, a book about the American Revolution that follows a known group of soldiers is rooted in fact. However, many things, such as internal thoughts, external dialogue and exact events, are impossible to know; these details are often crafted by the author. These blurred lines between fiction and non-fiction are easy to overlook, but typically non-fiction cites sources and does not include scenes created separately from the sources and known truth. Unless a source clearly states that it is based on actual facts, the content should be considered fictional.Learn more about Literature
Gothic fiction and literature developed as a genre in the middle of the 18th century. Most historians consider the first example of Gothic fiction to be Horace Walpole's novel "The Castle of Otranto," which was published in 1765.Full Answer >
Literature can be filled with fiction, and history is generally an account of how things truly happened. Historical documents are accounts of things like wars, revolutions and the rise and fall of particular civilizations. Prehistoric epics are considered literature.Full Answer >
Modernism was a movement that rose to popularity in late 1800s that embodied the ideas that traditional life did not fit the changes occurring in the new industrialized era along with the acceptance of self-consciousness, whereas postmodernism is a rejection of the focus on self and more focus on a group consciousness, along with the exaltation of "low" culture. High culture being replaced with popular culture is one of the most obvious shifts from the modernism school of thought to the postmodernism.Full Answer >
A book is a set of written words or pictures on electronic or physical pages while a novel is a type of book that has a narrative structure and story. Novels are fictional, but books can be characterized as fiction or nonfiction.Full Answer >