Poetry typically follows some type of pattern while prose does not follow any formal patterns of verse. Most everyday writing is done in the form of prose.
Poetry is a form of written or spoken word that is done in a pattern that puts emphasis on the sound and rhythm of the words as well as the meaning. Poetry often involves rhyming, alliteration and other methods of artistic ornamentation. When poetry is written, it is often done with line breaks to indicate a change within the pattern.
In prose, the emphasis is on the meaning of the words without any ornamentation or pattern although it may use literary devices, such as alliteration. There are no line breaks and prose follows many standard grammar rules related to punctuation and capitalization. Prose also relies on paragraphs and chapters for structure. The word "prose" is derived from a Latin word, "prosa," that means "straightforward."Learn More
Poetry that does not rhyme is called free verse poetry. Free verse poetry does not have a rhyme, but the poems still have a meter or a beat to them that overlays the work. This fact has led many people to say that free verse is not totally free because it still has a pattern and a rhythm, despite lacking rhyme.Full Answer >
Dramatic poetry is poetry written specifically for the theater. This type of poetry can often be lyrical in nature, such as when a character in a play gives a dramatic monologue.Full Answer >
Narrative poetry is poetry that tells a story and has a plot. The poem does not have to rhyme, nor does it have to have a set length.Full Answer >
Litotes are rhetorical figures of speech used in poetry and prose in which emphasis is gained by understated negation. The phrase, "He's not a rocket scientist," could be considered an example.Full Answer >